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Greek Mythology Encyclopedia

VulcanWM, ChezTacoz , and TL plus a little help from kw
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Contents


Gaia

Gaia is the personification of Earth and the ancestral mother of all life.

Her husband is Uranus(the sky). Her children are the Titans, the Cyclopes, the Hecatoncheires, the Giants and the primordial sea gods.

Her Roman equivalent is Terra.


Uranus

Uranus is the personification of the Sky.

His wife is Gaia and his parents are Gaia and the Chaos. His children are the Titans, the Cyclopes, and the Hecatoncheires.

His Roman equivalent is Caelus and his Mesopotamian equivalent is Anu.


Zeus

Zeus is the god of the sky, thunder, lightning, law, order, and justice. He is the the ruler of all the gods. He lives in Mount Olympus.

His parents are Kronos and Rhea. He has many wives, the most popular one is Hera. He has 3 brothers and 3 sisters: Hera, Demeter, Hestia, Chiron, Poseidon and Hades. He has many children: some of the most famous ones are: Heracles,Ares, Athena, Dionysus and Perseus.

His symbols are thunderbolts, eagles, bulls, and oak.

His Norse equivalent, is Odin and his Roman equivalent is Jupiter.


Hera

Hera is the goddess of marriage and life. She is the queen of the gods, she is also known as the 'Queen of Heaven'. She lives in Mount Olympus. Hera is responsible for every living thing.

Hera's parents are Kronos and Rhea. Her husband is Zeus. She has 4 brothers and 2 sisters: Zeus, Demeter, Hestia, Chiron, Poseidon, and Hades. Hera's children are Ares, Eileithyia, Eris, Hebe, and Hephaestus.

Her symbols are the peacock, the pomegranate, the cow, and the crown and veil.

Her Norse equivalent is Frigg and her Roman equivalent is Juno.


Poseidon

Poseidon is the god of earthquakes, storms, sea, and horses. Poseidon was both patron and protector of both sailors and seafarers, who would pray to him for safe passage across the sea. Poseidon was often regarded as the 'Father of Horses', as they were thought to be his creations. He was additionally the chief deity and patron of the city of Corinth. He resides in either Mount Olympus or in the sea.

His parents are Kronos and Rhea. He has many wives, the most popular one being Amphitrite. He has 3 brothers and 3 sisters: Hera, Demeter, Hestia, Chiron, Zeus,and Hades. He has many children, two of the most famous ones are Theseus and Triton.

His symbols are tridents, fish, dolphins, horses and bulls.

His Norse equivalent is Aegir and his Roman equivalent is Neptune.


Hades

Hades is the god of the dead, and the king of the Underworld. He lives in the Underworld.

His parents are Kronos and Rhea. He only has one long time wife: Persephone. He has 3 brothers and 3 sisters: Hera, Demeter, Hestia, Chiron, Poseidon and Zeus. He has many children, some of the most famous ones are Zagreus,Melinoe, and Makaria.

His symbols are the cornucopia, a sceptre, the cypress, narcissus, poplar and his Helm of Darkness; the screech owl was his sacred animal. His sacred fruit was the pomegranate.

His Roman equivalent is Pluto.


Hestia

Hestia is the Goddess of the hearth. Back in Ancient Greece, the hearth was a very important part of their culture. She was once an Olympian, but gave up her throne for Dionysus. She lives in Mount Olympus.

Hestia's parents are Kronos and Rhea. Hestia is a maiden goddess, which meant she never married and didn't have any kids. She has 4 brothers and 2 sisters: Zeus, Demeter, Hera, Chiron, Poseidon, and Hades.

Hestia's throne was described as plain, being made of wood with a woolen white cushion. Her symbols are the hearth and it's fire.

Her Roman equivalent is Vesta.


Demeter

Demeter is the goddess of harvest and agriculture. As the elder sister of Zeus, Demeter presided over grains and the fertility of the earth. She served as the patron goddess of farmers, and was believed to have taught men how to reap and cultivate the harvest. She lives in Mount Olympus.

Demeter's parents are Kronos and Rhea. Her husband is Zeus. She has 2 sisters and 4 brothers: Hera, Hestia, Chiron, Zeus, Poseidon and Hades. Demeter has been forced to give birth to many children, but one child that she actually likes is Persephone.

Her symbols are the Cornucopia, wheat, torch and bread. She carried wheat to show that she was the Godess of Harvest

Her Roman equivalent is Ceres.


Persephone

Persephone is the goddess of vegetation, spring, and she's the Queen of the Underworld. She lives in the Underworld except in Summer where she comes to Earth to live with here mother.

Persephone's parents are Zeus and Demeter. Her husband is Hades. Some of her siblings include: Aphrodite, Apollo, Ares, Persephone and Artemis. Persephone had 3 children Makaria, Melinoe, Zagreus

Her symbols are pomegranate and the torch. Her sacred animals are bats, black rams, parrots and all talking birds and monkeys

Her Roman equivalent is Proserpina.


Aphrodite

Aphrodite is the goddess of love, beauty and desire. She is one of the 12 Olympians. Aphrodite had numerous affairs with other people, the most notable of these being Ares, the god of war. She lives in Mount Olympus.

Aphrodite's parents are Zeus and Dione. She had many husbands, but the most famous one is Hephaestus. She had many siblings, some of them are: Ares, Athena and Dionysus. She had multiple children, some of them are: Eros, Phobos and Deimos.

Her symbols are the golden apple, laurel, dove, rose, artichoke, seashell, pomegranate and mirror. Her sacred animals are the dove and the goose and her sacred plants are the rose, myrtle and apple tree.

Her Roman equivalent is Venus.


Athena

Athena is the goddess of wisdom and war. She currently lives in Mount Olympus.

Athena's parents are Zeus and Metis.Her husband is Hephaestus. She had many siblings, some of them are: Aphrodite, Apollo, Ares, Persephone and Artemis. She didn't give birth to any children with a god, however she did have one foster child: Erichthonius

Her symbols are the spear, the distaff and the aegis (a shield ade out of goatskin). Her sacred animal was the owl and her tree was the olive tree. Her weapons were the spear and the aegis to which the head of Medusa was fastened (as a way of scaring enemies).

Her Roman equivalent is Minerva.


Ares

Ares is the god of chaos and war.

Ares parents are Zeus and Hera. Ares and Aphrodite secretly make out without Hephaestus (Aphrodite's husband) noticing. His most notable child is Eros

His symbols are a spear and a helmet. His sacred animals are the dog and the vulture.

His Roman equivalent is Mars.


Apollo

Apollo is the god of the Sun, light, healing, disease, plagues, music, art, poetry, archery, reason, knowledge, truth and prophecy. He currently lives in Mount Olympus.

Apollo's parents are Zeus and Leto. Apollo had multiple wives,however none of them were very important. He had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are:Aphrodite, Athena, Ares, Persephone and Artemis. Apollo also had many children however the 2 most important are Orpheus and Asclepius

His symbols are the lyre and the laurel wreath. His weapon is the Golden Bow. His sacred animals are the python and the crow.

His Roman equivalent is Apollo.


Artemis

Artemis is the godess of wild animals, the hunt, vegetation, warriors, women and children.

Artemis' parents are Zeus and Leto. Artemis never married or had any children. She had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are:Aphrodite, Athena, Ares, Persephone and Apollo.

Her symbols are the moon, the bow and the arrow. Her main weapon is the bow. Her sacred animals are hunting dogs.

Her Roman equivalent is Diana.


Hephaestus

Hephaestus is the god of fire, metalworking, stone masonry, forges and the art of sculpture. He currently lives in Mount Olympus.

Hephaestus's wives are Aglaea and Aphrodite.

Hephaestus' parents are Zeus and Hera. She had many husbands, but the most famous one is Hephaestus. He had many siblings, some of them are: Ares, Athena and Dionysus. He had multiple children, some of them are: Eros, Phobos and Deimos.

His symbols are the hammer, anvil, and tongs.

His Roman equivalent is Vulcan.


Dionysus

Dionysus is the god of wine, madness, winemaking, grape cultivation, fertility, ritual, theatre, and religious ecstasy. He currently lives in Mount Olympus.

Dionysus' parents are Zeus and Semele. His wife is Ariadne. Some of his half-siblings are: Hermes, Ares and Aphrodite. He had many children, two of the most popular ones are: Priapus and Comus.

Dionysus' symbols are Thyrsus, grapevine, bull, panthers and other big cats.

His Roman equivalent is Bacchus, and his Egyptian equivalent is Osiris.


Hermes

Hermes is the messenger of the gods, god of trade, thieves, travelers, shepherds, sports, athletes, border crossings and guide to the Underworld. He currently lives in Mount Olympus.

Hermes' parents are Zeus and Maia. Hermes had multiple wives, one of them was Aphrodite. He had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Aphrodite, Athena, Ares, Apollo and Artemis. Hermes also had many children however the 2 most important are Pan and Hermaphroditus.

His symbols are the Talaria, caduceus, tortoise, lyre, rooster, Petasos (a winged helmet).

His Roman equivalent is Mercury.


Melinoe

Melinoe is a chaotic goddess in charge of ghosts and spirits and a bringer of nightmares.

Melinoe's parents are Hades and Persephone. She has 2 siblings by blood: Makaria and Zagreus.

Her sacred animals are howling dogs.

Her Roman equivalent is Melaina.


Zagreus

Zagreus is the god of hunting and rebirth.

Zagerus' parents are either Hades and Persephone, or Zeus and Persephone depending on the time era. He has 2 siblings by blood: Makaria and Melinoe

His Roman equivalent is Aion.


Eileithyia

Eileithyia is the goddess of childbirth.

Eileithyia's parents are Hera and Zeus. She has 2 siblings: Ares and Hebe.

Eileithyia was depicted as a woman wielding a torch, representing the burning pains of childbirth, or with her arms raised in the air to bring the child to the light.

Her Roman equivalent is Lucina.


Makaria

Makaria is the goddess of a "blessed" death. She lives in the Underworld and serves her father Hades.

Makaria's parents are Hades and Persephone. She has 2 siblings by blood: Melinoe and Zagreus.

Her weapon is the scythe.

She has no known Roman equivalents.


Eris

Eris is the goddess of discord and strife. She is best known for her part in starting the Trojan War.

His parents are Zeus and Hera. She had multiple siblings however a few notable examples are: Hephaestus, Heracles, Hebe and Perseus.

Her symbols are a poniard(a small dagger) and the Apple of Discord. In one hand she held a hissing adder and in the other she held a torch.

Her Roman equivalent is Discordia.


Hebe

Hebe is the goddess of youth. She served nectar and ambrosia to the Olympians. She lives on Mount Olympus.

Her parents are Zeus and Hera. She had multiple siblings however a few notable examples are: Hephaestus, Heracles, Eris and Perseus.

Her symbols are wine-cups, eagles, ivies, The Fountain of Youth, and wings.

Her Roman equivalent is Juventas.


Amphitrite

Amphitrite is the goddess queen of the sea. She was the female personification of the sea--the loud mother of fish, seals and dolphins. Her symbols are fish and dolphins. She is the wife of Poseidon. Her sons are Triton and Rhode. Her parents are Nereus and Doris.

Her Roman equivalent is Salacia.


Priapus

Priapus was a minor rustic fertility god, protector of livestock, fruit plants, gardens and other things. He is the son of Dionysus and Aphrodite

His Roman equivalent is Mutunus.


Comus

Comus is the god of festivity, revels and nocturnal dalliances. He is a son and a cup-bearer of the god Dionysus. Comus represents anarchy and chaos.


Triton

Triton is the Greek god of the sea. He is the son of Poseidon and Amphitrite. Triton lived with his parents, in a golden palace on the bottom of the sea. He was often depicted as having a conch shell he would blow like a trumpet.


Eros

Eros is the god of love and making babies. He is the son of Ares and Aphrodite. His symbol is the bow and arrow.

His Roman equivalent is Cupid.


Phobos

Phobos is the god of fear. He is the son of Ares and Aphrodite. He has a twin brother called Deimos. Besides being his father's attendent he didn't have any other distinct role in Greek myth. His symbol is the bow and arrow.

His Roman equivalent is Pavor a.k.a Terror.


Deimos

Deimos is the god of terror. He is the son of Ares and Aphrodite. He has a twin brother called Phobos.

His Roman equivalent is Metus a.k.a Formido.


Maia

Maia is the goddess of nursing mothers. She lived on Mount Cyllene in Arcadia and was loved by Zeus. The month of May was named after her. Her parents are Atlas and Pleione.


Pan

Pan is the god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, nature of mountain wilds, rustic music and impromptus, and companion of the nymphs. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat, in the same manner as a faun or satyr. He had many different parents depending on the variation.

His Roman equivalent is Faunus.


Hermaphroditus

Hermaphroditus was the god of hermaphrodites and of effeminates. He was numbered amongst the winged love-gods known as Erotes. Hermaphroditus was a son of Hermes and Aphrodite.

His Roman equivalent is Atlantius.


Asclepius

Asclepius was the god of medicine. He was also the patron god, and reputed ancestor, of the Asclepiades, the ancient guild of doctors. Asclepius was a son of Apollo and Coronis.

His Roman equivalent is Vejovis.


Aglaea

Aglaea is the goddess of beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence, and adornment. Her husband is Hephaestus


Rhode

Rhode is the goddess and protector ofthe island of Rhodes. Her husband is Helios. Her parents are Poseidon and Amphitrite


Eos

Eos is the goddess of the dawn and she rose each morning from her home. His wife is Rhode. She had one brother Helios and one sister Selene. Her parents are Hyperion and Theia. Her symbols are the saffron, the cloak, roses, tiaras, cicadas and horses. His sacred animal is the rooster.

Her Roman equivalent is Aurora.


Helios

Helios is the god of the Sun. His wife is Rhode. He had two sisters Eos and Selene. His parents are Hyperion and Theia. He has a radiant crown. He rides a golden chariot which brought the Sun across the skies each day from the east to the west while at night he did the return journey in leisurely fashion lounging in a golden cup. His symbols are the chariot, horses and the aureole. His sacred animal is the rooster.

His Roman equivalent is Sol, his Norse equivalent is Sól and his Hindu equivalent is Surya.


Selene

Selene is the goddess of the Moon. She had many lovers however the most famous one is Endymion. She had one sister Eos and one brother Helios. Her parents are Hyperion and Theia. She had a duaghter with Zeus called Pandia. Her symbols are the crescent, the chariot, the torch, the billowing cloak and the bull. Selene has the power to give sleep and to light the night. She has control over time, and like the moon itself, she is ever-changing.

Her Roman equivalent is Luna.


Pandia

Pandia is the goddess of the full Moon. Her parents are Zeus and Selene.


Nereus

Nereus, is a sea god called by Homer as the “Old Man of the Sea,” noted for his wisdom, gift of prophecy, and ability to change his shape. He was the son of Pontus and Gaia.


Doris

Doris, is a sea goddess. She is the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. Her husband is Nereus

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Thetis

Thetis was a sea nymph. She was the leader of the fifty Nereids, making her a Goddess of water. Thetis is Achilles' mother, the one who dipped him in the River Styx. Both Zeus and Poseidon were attracted to Thetis, but they found out from an oracle that Thetis' son would be powerful than his father. Instead, Thetis married Peleus, and Poseidon married her sister, Amphitrite, making her the Queen of Seas. It was known that an incident with Peleus and Thetis' wedding started the Trojan War.


Kronos

Kronos is the Titan god of the harvest and the god of time, he was also the leader of the Titans. Becuase Kronos was being a bad dad, his son Zeus overthrew him, chopped him up, and sent him to Tartarus.

Kronos' parents are Gaia and Uranus. Kronos only had one wife, which was Rhea. He had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Rhea, Oceanus, Hyperion and Iapetus. Kronos had seven children, three of the them are Zeus, Poseidon and Hades.

His symbols are snakes, grains, sickles, and scythes.

His Roman equivalent is Saturn, and his Egyptian equivalent is Geb.


Rhea

Rhea is known as the "mother of gods", and the Greeks saw her as the mother of the Olympian gods and goddesses.

Rhea was a Titan and a daughter of Gaia and Uranus.

Rhea's husband was Kronos. She had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Kronos, Oceanus, Hyperion and Iapetus. Rhea had seven children, the first Gods and Godesses called the Olympians. Three of the most important Olympians are Zeus, Poseidon and Hades.

Her symbols are the chariot, tambourine, crown, and cornucopia.

Her Roman name is Ops.


Atlas

Atlas was once a very powerful Titan. But when Zeus took over the world, Atlas had to hold up the sky.

Atlas was a Titan and a son of Iapetus, and Asia or Clymene.

Atlas had one wife: Pleione. He had three siblings, Prometheus, Epimetheus and Menoetius. Atlas had many children, some of them are: Calypso and The Hesperides.

His symbol is a spear.

His Roman name is Atlas.


Oceanus

Oceanus was the Titan god of the ocean, he was also known as the father of the river gods. He was the great river that circled the world. He lives in River Oceanus

Oceanus' parents are Gaia and Uranus. Oceanus only had one wife, which was Tethys. He had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Rhea, Kronos, Hyperion and Iapetus. He had loads of kids, two of them are Amphitrite and Metis.

His symbols are a serpent and a fish.

His Roman equivalent is Oceanus.


Tethys

Tethys is known as the mother of the river gods and the Oceanids. She doesn't play that much of an important role in Greek Mythology.

Tethys was a Titan and a daughter of Gaia and Uranus. Tethys' husband was Oceanus. She had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Kronos, Oceanus, Hyperion and Iapetus. He had loads of kids, two of them are Amphitrite and Metis.

Her symbol is the Winged brow.

Her Roman name is Tethys.


Hyperion

Hyperion is known as the East Titan of Light, Fire and the Sun.

Hyperion was a Titan and a son of Gaia and Uranus. He had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Kronos, Oceanus, Tethys and Iapetus. Hyperion was married to his sister, Theia, and they had three children, Helios, Selene and Eos.

His symbol is the Sun. His weapons are fire and light.

His Roman name is Sun.


Koios

Koios is the Titan of Farsight, Foresight, Intellect and Knowledge. He was also known as the Titan of the North.

Koios was a Titan and a son of Gaia and Uranus. He had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Kronos, Oceanus, Tethys and Iapetus. Koios was married to his sister, Phoebe, and they had two children, Leto and Asteria.

His symbol is Koios' sword.

His Roman name is Polus.


Phoebe

Phoebe was the goddess of the bright intellect.

Phoebe was a Titan and a daughter of Gaia and Uranus. She had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Kronos, Oceanus, Tethys and Iapetus. Phoebe was married to her brother, Koios, and they had two children, Leto and Asteria.

Her symbols are the Oracle of Delphi and the moon.

Her Roman name is Phoebe.


Mnemosyne

Mnemosyne is the goddess of memory and remembrance. She lives in Mount Olympus.

Mnemosyne was a Titannes and a daughter of Gaia and Uranus. She had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Kronos, Oceanus, Tethys and Iapetus. Mnemosyne was married to Zeus and they had nine children, also known as The Muses.

Her symbols are fountains, springs and the number 9.

Her Roman name is Moneta.


Themis

Mnemosyne is the goddess of divine order, fairness, law, natural law, and custom. She lives in Mount Olympus.

Themis was a Titannes and a daughter of Gaia and Uranus. She had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Kronos, Oceanus, Tethys and Iapetus. Themis was married to Zeus and they had nine children, which were known as The Horae and The Moirai.

Her symbols are bronze swords, the Scales of Justice and tools used to remain balanced and pragmatic.

Her Roman name is Justitia.


Krios

Koios was the Titan Lord of the South. He was also known as the Titan of Stars and Constellations.

Krios was a Titan and a son of Gaia and Uranus. He had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Kronos, Oceanus, Tethys and Iapetus. Krios was married to Eurybia, and they had three children: Astraios, Pallas and Perses.

His symbol is swords and ram horns.

His Roman name is Crius.


Iapetus

Koios was the Titan of Mortality, Pain, and Violent Death. He was also known as the Titan of West. His nickname was "The Piercer".

Iapetus was a Titan and a son of Gaia and Uranus. He had multiple siblings. A few notable examples are: Kronos, Oceanus, Tethys and Krios. Iapetus was married to Asia or Clymene, and they had six children: Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus and Menoetius.

His symbol is a sword.

His Roman name is Japetus.


Prometheus

Prometheus is the Titan of crafty counsel and forethought. He is known for giving fire to humans, because of this, he was chained to a rock, where everyday, an eagle would come and eat his liver, which would grow back. Another thing Prometheus is known for is creating mankind.

Prometheus was a son of Iapetus, and Asia or Clymene.

Prometheus had one wife: Pronoea. He had three siblings, Atlas, Epimetheus and Menoetius. Prometheus had two children, they are: Deucalion and Aidos.

His symbol is a fire.

His Roman name is Prometheus.


Epimetheus

Epimetheus is the Titan of afterthought. He has a nickname of "The Father of Excuses". He is known for marrying Pandora.

Epimetheus was a Titan and a son of Iapetus, and Asia or Clymene. He had three siblings, Atlas, Prometheus and Menoetius. Epimetheus had three children, they are: Pyrrha, Ephyra and Prophasis.

His Roman name is Epimetheus.


Dione

Dione is an Oceanoid Titan.

Dione married Zeus. Dione gave birth to, Aphrodite.


Metis

Metis is an Oceanoid Titan.

Metis married Zeus.

Her symbol is a jar.

Her Roman name is Metis.


Leto

Leto is a Titan.

Leto married Zeus. She gave birth to Apollo and Artemis.

Her symbols are the veil, dates, a palm tree, a rooster, a wolf, a gryphon and a weasel.

Her Roman name is Latona.


Menoetius

Menoetius is the Titan god of violent anger and rash actions. His wife is Philomela. He had three siblings, Atlas, Prometheus and Epimetheus.


Calypso

Calypso is a Titan.

Calypso, is the daughter of Atlas. Because she sided with the Titans in the Titanomachy, Zeus cursed her, so she would never be able to leave her homeland, and every few centuries, a wounded hero would wash away on her island, who she would fall in love with. Most likely, the hero would miss their old home and go back home. She entertained Odysseus for seven years, but she could not overcome his longing for home and convince him to stay with her even by promising him immortality.


Medusa

Medusa was the only mortal Gorgon who lived in Libya.

Medusa was once a beautiful woman but because she and Poseidon fell in love and started meeting each other at the Temple of Athena. She got very mad, so she punished Medusa and her two sisters Stheno and Euryale by turning them into monsters. Their hair turned into snakes and their teeth turned into snake fangs. Anybody who looks at them turns to stone. Medusa was eventually killed by Perseus who snuck up to her while she was sleeping and used his polished shield as a mirror to prevent himself from being turned to stone. Then he chopped off her head with his sword. After she died her blood turned into multiple snakes that inhabit Africa to this day.


Stheno

Stheno is one of the immortal Gorgons who lived in Libya.

Stheno was once a beautiful woman but her sister Medusafell in love with and started meeting Poseidon at the Temple of Athena. She got very mad, so she punished Medusa and her two sisters Stheno and Euryale by turning them into monsters. Their hair turned into snakes and their teeth turned into snake fangs. Anybody who looks at them turns to stone.

Euryale

Euryale is one of the immortal Gorgons who lived in Libya.

Euryale was once a beautiful woman but her sister Medusafell in love with and started meeting Poseidon at the Temple of Athena. She got very mad, so she punished Medusa and her two sisters Euryale and Stheno by turning them into monsters. Their hair turned into snakes and their teeth turned into snake fangs. Anybody who looks at them turns to stone.

Hecatoncheires

The Hecatoncheires ,also called the Hundred Handed Ones, contained three giants: Cottus, Briareus (or Aegaeon) and Gyges (or Gyes). They were the offspring of Uranus and Gaia, who helped Zeus and the Olympians overthrow the Titans in the Titanomachy. With their hundred hands, they could throw rocks like a machine gun and were great warriors. Out of the Hecatoncheires, Briareus was the most prominent and is singled out as being good. He was rewarded by Poseidon, who gave Briareus his daughter Cymopolea for his wife.


Chiron

Chiron is a centaur. He is claimed to be the most cleverest of his kind. He taught many heroes, such as Jason, Achilles and Heracles. His parents were Kronos and Rhea. His siblings are Hera, Demeter, Hestia, Poseidon, Zeus and Hades.


Minotaur

The Minotaur lived in a Labyrinth underneath the king's palace in Knossos a small island. The Minotaur was the result of a punishment from Poseidon. In Knossos there was a king called King Minos he wanted to prove that he was a demigod who was a son of Zeus. So he called all the citizens to prove he was a demigod. He decided to call on Posiedon instead of his father Zeus to show how cool he was. He told Posiedon to give him a white bull and he promised to sacrifice it back later. Posiedon then summoned a wave with a beutiful white bull surfing on it and since this was very rare the people believe King Minos. However King Minos decided he liked the bull too much so he kept it. This made Posiedon very angry so he made Aphrodite make the queen fall in love with the bull. So after a while the queen decided that the bull was too beautiful so she went to Daedalus and asked him to make her a cow costume/ So he did. She then put on the cow costume went into the pen and hung out with the bull. In the end the bull impregnated the queen. When the queen went to the king again she told him they were having a baby and he was very happy but when the baby came out it was a human with the head of a bull and that baby became known as the Minotaur. King Minos commanded Daedalus to build a labyrinth and then he trapped the Minotaur in the centre of the maze. Every year King Minos sent 7 young men and 7 young women into the labyrinth. Since it was so hard to get out of they always ended up getting killed by the Minotaur, until Theseus managed to deffeat and kill the Minotaur.


Hydra

The hydra was a nine headed serpent that lived in the marshes of Lerna. It made it's home under a plane tree at the source of the River Amymone. It has poisonous breath and toxic venom which kills anyone who comes too close. The hydra's central head was immortal and could not be destroyed. The other 8 heads could be cut off and destroyed however each time one was cut off 2 more would grow in its place. In the end Heracles and Iolaus were finally able to deffeat it. Heracles put on his protective lionskin and he and Iolaus held their breaths as they approached the beast. Then each time Heracles cut off a head Iolaus would quicly light the stump on fire with a torch. After a fierce battle there was only the immortal head left. Heracles pinned this head down and tore it from th hydra's body. Then he quickly burried it as it was still hissing violently.


Ophiotaurus

The Ophiotaurus was a creature that was part bull and part serpent. There is a legend that whoever burnt the creature's entrails, would have to power to defeat the gods. It was once slain in the Titanomachy, but Zeus sent an eagle after the entrails before they could be burnt. His mother is Gaia.


Asia

Asia also known as Clymene in some legends is an Oceanid. She is the mother of Atlas, Epimetheus and Prometheus. She is also the wife of Iapetus.


Pleione

Pleione is an Oceanid. She is the mother of Maia and the other 6 pleiades who's only notable role were being children of Pleione. She is also the wife of Atlas.


Cercopes

The Cercopes were two brothers that got turned into monkeys by Zeus because of their habit of lying, being mischeivious and stealing. The Cercopes once stole Heracles' weapons, and punished them by tying both of them to a pole he slung over his shoulder with their faces pointing downwards. When they saw Heracles' darkly-tanned back, they started laughing. Heracles' asked what they were laughing about, and when the told him, he also started laughing. Then, he let them go.


Argus

Argus was a giant, who was known for having 100 eyes. His father was Arestor and his mother was most likely Mycene although in some other versions his mother was Gaia. Argus was a servent of Hera. She gave him a task of keeping the nymph Io away from Zeus, by keeping her chained to a sacred olive tree. Zeus sent Hermes to kill Argus. Hermes, disguised as a shepherd, beheaded Argus.


Polyphemus

Polyphemus was one of the most famous cyclopes. His father was Poseidon. He first appeared as a man eating cyclops who captured Odyseuss and the Argonauts. Every day Polyphemus would eat 2 men every day. Finally one day Odyseuss blinded Polyphemus. Then he and his men clung to the bellies of the sheep and when Polyphemus herded his sheep out he couldn't see them and they escaped.


Kampe

Kampe was a female monster who was the guard of the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires, in Tartarus. When Zeus found out that he would win the Titanomachy, with the help of Kampe's prisoners, he killed Kampe, and freed her prisoners, who then helped defeat Kronos.


Cerberus

Cerberus was a three headed dog who guarded the Underworld. He was the pet of Hades. His name most likely originates from the word ker berethrou which means demon of the pit. He had to make sure none of the dead escaped back to the land of the living. From Cerberus' mouth dribbled venomous foam. It uses its fangs and claws to punish people who were bad in their life. In some legends Cerberus had a mane of snakes around his neck and a snake for a tail. When Hercules came to capture Cerberus some of the venom from his jaws landed on the floor making the famous wolfsbane known for killing werewolves.


Chimera

Chimera is a female beast that breathes fire. She resembles a lion at the front, a goat in the middle, and a dragon behind, In art, Chimera is usually represented as a lion with a goat’s head in the middle and a venomous snake for a tail. Each head acted on its own and the lion breathed fire which burned anyone who survived the trio of heads. In the end Bellerophon

rode in on his Pegasus. Each time the Chimera tried to shoot fire at him he would quickly dodge. Bellerophon had coated his spear tip in lead. When the Chimera shot a blast of fire that hid the spear tip the lead melted, Bellerophon quickly stabbed the spear into the Chimera and the poisonous spear stabbed into its veins and killed the Chimera.


Mycene

Mycene was a Naiad nymph of the well of Mykenai in Argos. She was the wife of Arestor and the mother of Argus.


Io

Io was one of the mortal lovers of Zeus. Zeus didn't want her to suffer the wrath of Hera like all of his other mortal lovers so he decided to turn Io into a white heifer (a young female cow that has not born a calf yet). Io was an ancestor of many heroes and kings including Heracles, Perseus and Minos.


Centaurs

Centaurs were creatures which were half-man and half-horse. Their heads, arms and torsos were human, while everything below the waist was horse. Another name for centaurs are hippocentaurs. They were mostly described as troublesome beasts, and were known to unleash chaos. Chiron was a famous centaur, who known as very clever and calm, unlike most of his clan.


Gorgons

Gorgons are snake women. They have snakes for hair and in some legends they had spiny golden wings, long golden claws, forked tongues and green wrinkly skin. Gorgons turns anyone who looks at their eyes into stone. Their are only three Gorgons Medusa<, Stheno and Euryale. They used to be 3 beautiful sisters until Medusa angered Athena by kissing Poseidon in Athena's temple. As punishment Athena turned all 3 of them into beasts


Harpies

Harpies are half human and half birds of storm winds.The harpies were related to Iris and her twin sister Arke. The harpies were known to only eat food that was stolen from Phineas. When the Argonauts came to Phineas for help, they promised to drive the harpies away from him, which they succeeded in doing.


Cyclopes

Cyclopes are giants with one eye. They have messy hair and very sharp teeth and claws. They kill any intruders to their caves and like to eat humans. At first they were blacksmiths but then they became shepherds who hated gods and ate humans. The worst cyclops was Polyphemus. The very first cyclopes were children of Uranus and Gaia.


Sirens

Sirens are birds with the head of a beautiful woman. They live on 3 rocky islands called Li Galli. They sing tunes so sweet that no man can resist and sail towards the sirens and crash on the rocky shores and drown. Their islands appear white from a distance from the heaps of sun bleached bones of sailors lured to their death. Two crews of sailors managed to escape the sirens. The first was Orpheus who managed to play his lyre louder than the sirens song. One of his sailors jumped over the side of the ship but he was rescued before he could die. The second was Odysseus he made his crew plug their ears with ear plugs and he made them tie him to a mast so he could hear the sirens song without dying. When he heard the sirens song he orderered his crew to untie him but they couldn't hear him. Soon the ship passed by the island unharmed. Prophecy stated that if the sirens sing their tunes and the sailors hear the song without dying the sirens will die. So when Odysseus sailed by unharmed the sirens flung themselves into the ocean and drowned.


Oceanid

Oceanids are the nymph daughters of Oceanus and Tethys. There are a total of three thousand oceanids.


Odysseus

Odysseus was a very famous person in Greek Mythology. He was known as the king of Ithaca, and the main character of Homer's the “Odyssey". His parents were Laertes and Anticlea and his wife was Penelope. He had one son, Telemachus. Odyseuss was known as a persuasive speaker, and a wily trickster. He played a huge part in the Trojan War, as he was the one who thought of the Trojan Horse. After that, he set sail for Ithaca, but after he blinded Poseidon's son Polyphemus, Poseidon made his journey very hard, and the journey to Ithaca was full of many adventures.


Heracles

Heracles' father was Zeus because of this Hera hated him as Zeus was her husband but Hercules was not her son. When he was just a baby Hera sent 2 snakes to kill him. Luckily since Heracles had super strength he was able to kill the snakes. When Heracles grew older Hera sent him on 12 deadly quests that she was sure would kill him. However each time he suceeded which made Hera angrier and angrier and she made the quests harder and harder but no matter what she did Hera could never get Heracles to fail. Heracles died when his wife gave him centaur blood thinking it would make him love her more instead it ended up killing him slowly and he died in agony. When he died, Heracles was made a god, because he had aided the Olympians in their epic battle against the Giants.


Achilles

Achilles was a hero in the Trojan War. His mother was Thetis and his father was Peleus. When Achilles was a baby, his mother dipped him in the River Styx, so every part of his body would be invulnerable, unfortunately she was holding his heel so it didn't get dipped into the water and so that part of his body wasn't invulnerable. During the Trojan War, the death of his friend and charioteer, Patroclus, made him so angry that he killed the hero of Troy, Hector. According to later traditions in the Iliad, Paris shot Achilles in the heel with an arrow.


Theseus

Theseus is a very famous demigod in Greek Mythology, and the prince of Athens. Poseidon was his father, and Aethra was his mother. Theseus had many adventures, but his most memorable one was the one with the Minotaur. There are many different versions of his encounter with the Minotaur. The most famous one was that King Minos ordered the city of Athens to send 7 men and 7 women for the Minotaur to eat every year. A few years later Theseus didn't want more Athenians dying, so he went as one of the men going to the Minotaur. With the help of Ariadne, Minos' daughter who fell in love with him the moment she saw him, he navigated his way to the Minotaur, killed it, and got out the maze without getting lost. Theseus took Ariadne away from Crete where she lived, but then forsook his promise to marry her by abandoning her as she slept on the beach of the island of Naxos.


Perseus

Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danae.


Orpheus

Orpheus was known as a very talented musician. His symbol was a lyre, as he was great at playing it, and some people thought he could tame tigers and lions with his music. It was also said that Orpheus lure wild beasts out of the forest, get fish out of the water, persuade the trees and rocks to dance, just using his music. His father was Apollo, and Orpheus had took all his music skills from him.

According to most people, his wife was Eurydice. When walking through some long grass, a snake bit her, and she died. Orpheus then played such sad music, that even the gods felt pity for him, and told him to go to the Underworld, so he did. When he reached the Underworld, he played some music which soothed Hades and Persephone, and agreed on one condition, if Orpheus looked at back at Eurydice while walking home, she would disappear and stay in the Underworld forever. Sadly, Orpheus got anxious, and turned around, looking at her for the last time before she disappeared in the Underworld.

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